Study shows efficacy of vaccine against stays in intensive care | MUSK
According to a report published in the English New Journal of Medicine.
There’s huge variation in what it means to be hospitalized, pointed out Elizabeth Mack, MD, division chief of pediatric critical care medicine and spokesperson for the American Academy of Pediatrics. As MUSC Children’s Health Principal Investigator for the Overcoming COVID-19 Study, she is also the author of the new report. “Vaccines, including COVID-19 vaccines, aim to prevent serious illness and death, and we now have evidence in children that COVID-19 vaccines have done exactly what they should.”
The study compared 445 COVID-19 patients at 31 hospitals in 23 states with 777 patients who did not have COVID-19. All the patients were between 12 and 18 years old.
“The vaccine was 98% effective against COVID disease which required intensive care and 98% effective against COVID disease which required respiratory support,” Mack said.
“The vaccine was 98% effective against COVID disease which required intensive care and 98% effective against COVID disease which required respiratory support.”
Elizabeth Mack, MD
Of the 180 teenagers admitted to intensive care, only two had been vaccinated, according to the report. None of the 13 adolescents who required extracorporeal membrane oxygenation or the seven who died were vaccinated.
At MUSC Children’s Health, none of the children admitted with COVID-19 have been vaccinated, Mack said.
“We unfortunately contributed to this study with a significant number of children with COVID-19,” Mack said, due to case rates in South Carolina.
The two groups in this study — COVID patients and non-COVID patients — were similar in that 70% of each group attended an in-person school. Among COVID patients, 74% had at least one underlying condition, and among non-COVID patients, 70% had at least one underlying condition.
Mack noted that the underlying conditions are quite common.
“Here in South Carolina, one in three children is overweight,” she said. And one in 12 children in the state has asthma.
“These underlying conditions are not uncommon in our state. When you think, ‘These are not our children’ – they are.